Humans are not from Earth?
November 1, 2015 - Kindle Unlimited
Ecologist Ellis Silver says…hang on. Who? Anyone can call themselves an ecologist, so it’s bizarre that when we attempted to find out who this man is, no one is saying. Try it. Google a word “ecologist Ellis Silver, and that organisation is everywhere — some even impute to him as “leading ecologist” or “important ecologist” — and many also call him “Professor Silver”. “Professor” implies a university affiliation, though they never worry to state where he’s employed as a professor. It’s a mystery.
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This naught of a tellurian being is observant something, as we was about to mention: he’s claiming that he has systematic justification that humans are indeed from another planet, and he’s created a book about it, patrician Humans are not from Earth: a systematic analysis of a evidence. Oooh, provocative. And best of all, if we are subscribed to Kindle Unlimited, it can be review for free! So we did.
You are not surprised, we can tell. It’s full of unequivocally bad arguments: we are not local to earth since we get sunburns and bad backs, for instance. But radically each quadruped on a world avoids extreme bearing to solar radiation, solely a ones that live in caves or a low sea, and lots of creatures vaunt aging-related disorders — dinosaurs included. Are we to conclude, then, that each class on a planet, from flatworm to elephant, was brought here by aliens?
That justification contradicts another one that I’ll concentration on: he claims that there is molecular justification to uncover that humans are not associated to a other animals on Earth.
Scientists operative on a Human Genome Project and other DNA plan have detected an additional 223 genes in humans that do not seem in any other class on Earth. Where a heck did they come from? Some geneticists trust they were spliced into a DNA of local Earth hominids (i.e. Homo erectus) directly from a aliens themselves. (Although possibly a aliens spliced in sections of their own DNA or took it from another visitor class is unknown.) This resulted in a present jump from Homo erectus to Homo sapiens (modern humans), with no blank couple in between them. (I’ll come behind to a miss of a blank couple again in a subsequent section.)
That is only a many extraordinary gobbledygook. we was sitting there throwing red flags frenziedly as we review that…and it’s not an well-developed paragraph. The whole book is this bad.
It is loyal that there are sequences in a tellurian genome that are not identified as homologous to sequences in other species. They’re called ORFANs. ORFANs are chunks of DNA that are picked adult by gene approval program since they have a customary starting method of a gene, and afterwards go on for a poignant length (300 bottom pairs or more) before they are consummated by a stop codon, though that have an inner method that doesn’t compare anything else in a databases. This is rather homogeneous to observant that your judgment approval software, that looks for a collateral minute during a commencement and a duration during a end, infrequently finds “sentences” in strings of pointless letters that don’t make any sense. It is totally unsurprising.
Biologists aren’t astounded during all by them. We have mixed explanations that don’t engage aliens creation transgenic gorilla men. Ian Musgrave has a explanations.
Some are artifacts — as we said, if you’re only looking for starting and finale punctuation, quite by possibility you’re going to find strings that compare your criteria in a pointless collection of letters.
Some are genes that have undergone so many substitions that they’re no longer tangible as a bizarre sequence. Those would be generally engaging in an evolutionary sense, we would think, though they’re rare.
Some are products of plane gene transfer. We don’t need aliens to inject us with bizarre DNA, viruses do it naturally.
Some unequivocally are novel organic genes, like for instance nylonase. But again, we don’t need an visitor to inject us with them, though can redeem duty from pointless sequences, or chimeric genes constructed by pointless fusions of other genes.
So when Ellis Silver asks
where a heck did they come from, we have to contend that if he’d had even a minimally efficient bit of instruction in simple genetics and molecular biology, he’d already know.
He’d also know that that number, 223, is not fixed. As we boost a trust by sequencing other genomes, we find some-more homologies — a lot of people disagree that even a few hundred genes extrinsic by plane gene send is a gross exaggeration, and as some-more information accumulates, that series keeps going down. The overwhelming infancy of ORFans are simply artifacts, pointless occurences in a prolonged linking of sloppily fabricated nucleotides in a genome.
And no, we don’t meant artifacts in a archaeological sense.
But even if they weren’t erroneously flagged pointless sequences, ORFANs don’t support a topic of visitor transgenic experiments. For one, every species, not only humans, have ORFANs. For another, because is Ellis Silver focused on a small series of genes with no famous function, rather than a 20,000 that do uncover homology with other species, and clearly tie us to an Earthly origin?
As prolonged as I’m wondering who Ellis Silver is, I’d also like to tab a few specific names onto
some geneticists…you know, a
some geneticists vaguely referred to as claiming that ORFANs are visitor DNA spliced into Homo erectus. I’ve famous a few geneticists in my time, and we don’t know of any who wouldn’t double over in delight during that hypothesis. Silver’s book doesn’t bring any. we think that these
geneticists are as cloudy as a
aliens Silver wants us to trust in.
I don’t indeed trust in Ellis Silver, either. In his book, he claims to be an environmentalist and ecologist from Wisconsin who now divides his time between Texas and England, and that he is a co-founder of Silver Seas sea biology investigate park. No such park seems to exist. There is a Silversea journey line, though that’s as tighten as we get…and Ellis Silver was not one of a founders.
He also claims to be an
environmental consultant to a series of vital corporations, nothing named, that is a bit unfortunate — this man knows so small about biology that he shouldn’t be advising anyone on a subject.